The White Bear Indian Reservation in the Moose Mountain around 1907
tipisNative Americananimalshorsestreeshillswaterponds (water)Indian reservations
White Bear 70
Transcript of audio excerpt (edited by Interviewer): E- "...did they [the Band] move around or did they tend to stay?" A- "The White Bear band moved down there, but they would’ve only been a small band. They got down to under 200 people, and I there was 700 I think, I figured, in this one roughly. Most of them would’ve come from Montana, or the Dakotas I’m pretty sure. They had a lot… until they shut them off from going back and forth, they did a lot of travelling back and forth. North and south." E- "And so what would make them move from north to south?" A- "Weather for one thing, a lot of them. The Mississippi River was a lot nicer place to spend during the winter than in the Moose Mountains. If it was a bad winter… and there was some agriculture type of thing there, and more food supply than there was up here. Buffalo was the only food supply… and I just don’t know… I’m sure they wintered in the Moose Mountains. I’ve had people say you couldn’t winter in a tipi, but you sure as blazes could winter there. It was mighty cold, but you could live in one. And then of course the governments frowned on the movement. About that time, in 1907, they started putting in laws that they had to get passes to leave the reserve and visit anywhere. I got this one story, this lady went from the Qu’Appelle, she wanted to go down to the Four Bears area and visit her relations, and they wouldn’t give her a pass for food or anything, so she went anyways, she just took a buggy down there, made it there and back without much trouble. So they could move quite freely if they wanted to."